The pioneering-women-rescued-from-obscurity literary subgenre is beautifully served by the authoritative and absorbing When Women Invented Television. Like all of Armstrong's books, it goes down like good TV: although it can be consumed without too much effort, its insights are likely to live on in the reader's memory in something not unlike syndication.
Armstrong uses her impressive analytic and research skills to unearth some much less-explored ground ... The shifts between the four different biographies can be jarring, though helpful at times. Armstrong never comes right out and analyzes the differences in the rises and falls of these women, but it’s quite clear that White had an easier path to success than Scott or Berg did. Those disparities become even more plain in the book’s most gripping section, as both Berg and Scott become ensnared in the Hollywood blacklist during the era of McCarthyism ... One might assume that a book about female pioneers in television would have Lucille Ball front and center. She does appear, but her more familiar tale takes a back seat here to these lesser-known stories, which are bolstered by Armstrong’s interviews with Scott’s son and Berg’s grandchildren, and White’s memoirs and other archives. Armstrong also makes strong statements about the fact that women were marking these accomplishments during a time when they were expected to stay home and care for their families ... Armstrong’s volume is a definite step in the right direction toward giving just some of these forgotten women their due.
Though meticulous in cataloging their intersecting identities, [Armstrong] returns repeatedly to their shared gender. As a framing device, this can feel slightly at odds with very deep and detailed accounts of disparate treatment and outcomes for each of them. The question of how to think about women as a group with a shared identity is nothing new. Scott herself was inspired by Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique but 'felt trapped between the civil rights movement and the nascent feminist movement.' Armstrong finds herself in a similarly awkward position at times. Though she doesn’t always handle the juxtapositions perfectly, Armstrong successfully crafts an intersectional feminist history, one with room for four very different women in it. Armstrong succeeds in her goal of dusting off these women’s contributions and restoring them to their place in the pantheon of television giants. In prose as charming as the women she writes about, she makes her subjects feel knowable. Although we may never see some of these women’s work (television was often live and unrecorded in the early years), Armstrong makes you feel their genius and charisma, almost like you were there when they invented television.
The book's strongest parts describe the challenges the women faced ... For someone who 'grew up with the television on,' Armstrong is surprisingly unfamiliar with many shows. She writes that when Berg was a mystery guest on CBS' 'What's My Line?' in 1954, the blindfolded panel 'quickly determined who she was.' Anyone who has seen the show knows it took a comparatively long time. And the inclusion of minor details, such as how Berg liked her eggs, feels like filler. When Armstrong sticks to her subjects' achievements, the book is exceptional ... catnip for TV fans and...a welcome addition to the literature of television history.
Armstrong deftly illustrates how this quartet of women battled skepticism, sexism, and even the infamous Cold War blacklist to become vital players in the burgeoning days of the small screen ... With crisp, electrifying prose, Armstrong recounts the hard work and struggles of four women trailblazers who shaped the dawn of television.
In this compelling, well-researched work, Armstrong...uncovers the role women played in developing television, fighting for airtime as they launched sitcoms, soap operas, variety shows, and more ... Armstrong preserves an important part of television's—and women's—history in this engaging book.
Though Armstrong repeats some pieces of information over the course of the narrative, her history is fresh and welcome. Engaging and well-documented recognition of four women’s significant impact on the emerging TV medium.