PositiveLiterary Review (UK)What is a fascist? ... The question lies at the heart of Tom Gallagher’s new life of António Salazar, leader of Portugal from 1932 to 1968 ... Gallagher believes that Salazar has been unfairly categorised. He may have been a despot, but his despotism was more in the mould of Frederick the Great’s than Franco’s or Hitler’s. Gallagher marshals a good deal of evidence – some of it aesthetic – to support his argument ...In his introduction, Gallagher admits that he has written this book without consulting Salazar’s personal papers. At times it shows ... If nothing else, Gallagher has demonstrated how injudicious labelling can conceal the essence of things.